Borneo Island consists of three nations – Malaysia,Indonesia and Brunei,with a major chunk of the island occupied by Indonesia (Kalimantan). Since Borneo is the third-largest island in the world,it is obvious travelling such a large span involves detailed planning. Traversing across the islands involves large distances,so it is advisable to opt for air travel to save time. Borneo's transportation system is comfortable enough to allow you to move swiftly by renting cars,taxis,buses,boats and ferries.
Since Borneo is controlled by three countries and is a large island,it sometimes becomes essential that one choose the comforts of air travel. The small islands surrounding Borneo are accessible only by helicopter or charter flights. There are two major airports at Kuching (Sarawak) and Kota Kinabalu (Sabah). Miri,Sibu,Bintulu,Labuan and Lahad Datu also have airports. A few rural areas inaccessible by road have airstrips for communication. Countries like Brunei and Indonesia are accessible by air,sea and land. The Brunei International Airport and Jakarta's Soekarno–Hatta International Airport are the country's main airports.
Buses & Taxis are the common means of transport throughout Indonesia,Malaysia and Brunei. Though not exactly comfortable,travelling by local transport gives a chance to establish a rapport with the locals. In addition,the beautiful scenery one gets to capture on the camera is worth a thousand memories. Most of the overland journeys are long distances,but it is worth the tiring expedition if the taxi driver shows his willingness.
Car rental is another excellent option in cities like Kuching and Kota Kinabalu. Depending on the number of people travelling,tourists can choose the size of the car. In fact,in countries like Brunei,where the road network is well developed,driving a car can be a pleasurable experience.
Borneo is surrounded by several small islands such as Sipadan,Pulau Tiga and Labuan that are accessible only by ferries and boats. While some are official,a few will not pass beyond the safety checks. So,make sure the boat is licensed to avoid any commotion. In addition,ensure that the operators have taken all the safety precautions such as life vests etc. In Sarawak,the boats are used to ferry passengers along the river Rajang to reach the longhouse communities inland. While in Brunei,the ferry terminal at Muara has regular speedboat trips to the island of Labuan off the coast of Sabah. Travellers are charged depending on the fuel and the number of days the boat is used.
Rail travel in Borneo is used for tourism & recreational purposes to explore the sights of Sabah from Kota Kinabalu to Tenom. It is a guided tour,especially for tourists who want to soak in the rich natural heritage of Borneo.
Tourists are assured of their safety on Borneo except for freak accidents during jungle trekking,which could result in potential injury or illness. As with tourist places,the fear of pickpocketing,bag snatching & petty crime is always there. However,these situations can be taken care of by keeping the bags and valuables in the hotel. The threat of kidnapping foreign tourists still exists in some parts of eastern Sabah;tourists should stay extra careful while travelling in boats and at dive sites.
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